There are several words important to know when speaking about nail fungus infections. The word mycosis is used to define any disease caused by a fungus, no matter what is the site. The specific term for a fungus nail infection is onychomycosis – pronounced on-i-ko-mi-KO-sis, use it and impress your friends with the “big” words.
Fungus infections of the nail, once acquired are difficult to treat and cure. They are also gravitate easily to other finger and toe nails. The first sign will be a red or yellow spot that emerges at the tip of the nail. Quickly there will be other changes. The nail will become thick, brittle and crumble easily. The color will change and become opaque and dull. And as the fungus multiplies it will leave debris under the nail, adding to its thickness. The finger itself will be involved as the fungus progresses, swelling becoming red and painful. Depending on the type of onychomycosis other changes will also take place. The nail may separate from the nail bed. The size and shape of the finger will change or only part of the nail will be affected.
There are several types of treatment. In the last few years many good topical agents have been produced and allowed by the Federal Drug and Food Administration. A fungus infection is a difficult one to cure and so treatment may last for an extended period of time. Many people will say that there is nothing to cure this type of infection. But if you question them they will admit that they gave up too easily rather than persevering longer with the treatment. And with the tips given later in this article adhering to the suggestions will also speed recovery.
Prevention and Common Sense Principals
Whether you are trying to prevent an infection or are in the middle of treatment there are some things that can be done to help the problem. When it comes to the hands prolonged immersion is water breaks down tissue and set up the patient for an infection. Therefore if this pertains to you the use of rubber gloves is advised. Nail polish and artificial nails are also a catalyst for some people. If you visit a manicurist do not be afraid to inquire as to their septic procedures. Feet are the best place for any infection to grow, especially fungus. Wearing of cotton and wool socks, rather than synthetic, as the natural fibers will absorb moisture more readily is advised. Rotation of shoes, putting powder in those shoes is also advised. Toe nails should be trimmed short and neatly. And if the party cannot see properly to do this it may best done by a podiatrist. For older folks some pre-existing conditions will make acquiring a fungus infection easier. And those pre-existing conditions will make the acquired fungus infection more difficult to treat. Diabetes and decreased circulation to the feet are both problems that delay the curing of a fungus infection.
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